Precision Agriculture : Frenchmen showing the way
There are many problems that a farmer faces on a daily basis such as calculating optimum fertilizers inputs, early pest infestation, assessing crop damage due to bad weather and complying with environment standards. Nitrogen is a critical component that farmers can use to influence the plant growth but use of nitrogen fertilizers has economic and environment impact.
The cost of fertilizers has increased exponentially over past decade affecting the farmer’s bottom line. A valid question arises that how do we use technology to optimize nitrogen efficiency while improving crop yield and reducing the economic and environment impact? The answer is Precision Agriculture.
The crops are analyzed and data is collected. Using the data collected farmers can take right decisions regarding crops. The first step of Precision Agriculture is Field Research, in this step soil and crop are analyzed remotely. This second step is Field Data Collection. The data is collected from the field by UAVs.
The third step is Storing Field Data. The collected field data is stored and processed in the cloud, delivering results that highlight nitrogen deficiency. The fourth step is Field Application. A customized, variable nitrogen treatment plan is downloaded and inputs into GPS-Enabled spreader to guide and control the application of nitrogen. The fifth step is Processing Field result data. The input and yield data from multiple precision applications are analyzed for additional refinement and improvement for the next growing season.
The market value of precision agriculture was USD 2.76 in 2015. It is expected that this industry will grow at the Compound Annual Growth Rate of 12% approx. We know that France ranks among the world’s major agriculture powerhouses. France is ranked as the world’s sixth largest agricultural producer and the second largest exporter of agricultural products.
So, France is one of the best markets for precision agriculture. France produces verity of crops such as wheat, sugar beet as well as various vegetables and fruits. There are about 730,000 farms in France with about 7 percent of the workforce is employed in agriculture.
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